Baseball consists of two teams, each with nine players, who switch up batting and fielding using primarily a bat, ball, and glove. Players consist of pitchers, batters, catchers, umpires and outfielders, who can be on left, right, or center field. When each team gets a turn at bat, it equals an inning and these games consist of nine innings. The offense team tries to score runs which are achieved after a player completes three bases (first base, second based, and third base) then returns to the home plate. When a batter from the offense team hits the ball, he can begin running counterclockwise through the base plates.
A batter can stop at a base and run again when his teammate hits the ball. However, if the ball is caught by the other opposing team that is fielding, then the offense team automatically gets an "out." Three outs and the offense team switches up to fielding while the opposing team can bat. Also, if the ball is fouled, it equals one strike. If the batter swings and does not hit the ball, it also equals a strike. Three strikes result that the batter is out and overall the team gets another out. However, if the batter gets three strikes in a row, he gets a "strikeout" which earns him a free base. If the batter gets the ball to fly past the fence, it is considered a home run, therefore he can run straight back to the home plate, earning an automatic run. The team that collects the most runs wins. Now, the opposing fielding team works to prevent the batting team from getting runs and continue to give them outs so it can be their turn to bat. They use a variety of ways, including tagging runners out and catching the ball.
A bat-and-ball game that appears to be a somewhat miniature version of baseball, Cricket is played by two teams, each consisting of eleven players. The game primarily takes place on the center of a field, in a slim 22-yard-long rectangular patch with two white lines at each end and the wickets on one end. The bowler "bowls" the ball to the batsman, who attempts to score a run. On the other hand, the bowler attempts to hit the wicket. The fielders stand outside of this rectangular strip (called a "cricket pitch"). The batsman's goal is to run to the other side of the cricket pitch to the white line called the "crease" without getting "run out." A run out can occur when a fielder catches the ball and throws it onto the wickets, or when a fielder throws the ball to another fielder who is near the wickets (the wicket keeper) so that he can pull them up from the ground before the batsman reaches the crease.
That batsman becomes a nonstriker and stands within the crease lines known as his "safe territory" beside his wicket. Each batsman can continue to bat until he is out, and the whole team is out when ten of the batsmen have been bowled. Batsmen can be bowled when the ball lands directly on the crease or when the ball passes the crease without bouncing beforehand. After a bowler has bowled a total of six times, one of his team members on the fielding team can take his place and become the new bowler. When the batsmen team is run out, they then switch turns with the opposing fielding team. Each turn is essentially one innings and each team is granted one to two innings before the game ends. The team with the most runs wins.
Formally known as association football and sometimes called football in other countries, soccer is a popular worldwide sport that is played between two teams, each team consisting of eleven players. Each team has a goal at each end of the field and the main goal of the game is to get the ball into the opposing goal without using the arms nor hands. Each goal has a goalkeeper who stands in front of it to block the ball from entering the goal. The goalkeepers are the only team members who can touch the ball with their hands but only when they are in their penalty area which is lined around the goal. Outfield players attempt to get the ball in the opposing team's goal, usually by using their feet, but they can also use their torso or head.
If the ball goes past the goal line but does not go into the goal net, and it was last touched by an attacking team member, the defending team of that goal earns a "goal kick." However, if the ball goes past the goal line not going into the goal net, and it was last touched by a defending team member of that goal, the attack team is awarded a "corner kick." Additionally, the players can pass the ball between each other to work the ball towards the goal. Each team has a team captain who is involved in the coin toss before the kick-off or the coin toss after penalty kicks which happens when a fouled team is awarded a free kick. The team that accumulates the most goals by the end of the game wins. However, draws do occur or extra time is added so the scores are no longer at a draw.
A sport that is part of the hockey family, field hockey is played between two teams, each team featuring eleven players including the goalies. The match is started by two umpires and each umpire controls each half of the field. The players use sticks made out of either wood or fiber glass and they toss around a small ball in order to get it into the goal of the opposing team. The goal keepers are the only players allowed to touch the ball with any part of their body, just as long as it is within the shooting circle which is a circle that encompasses each goal. The other players use the flat end of their stick to hit the ball and their hands are essentially considered to be "a part of the stick." Players are required to use only the face of their sticks, and they are not allowed to use the back of their sticks or there will be a penalty. Goalkeepers also have sticks and are only allowed to defend until the ball reaches their shooting circle.
The ball may not touch a player's foot, as it is an important rule. Also, obstructing or blocking other players while they have the ball is prohibited, and if it happens, the ball is given back to the other team. Using the stick in any way to prevent other opposing players from advancing is not allowed, and the ball is given to the other team. Also, high back swings are not allowed because it is considered to be dangerous. Lastly, three players can not be touching the ball all at once and when two opposing players are battling for the ball, no other player can interfere, because it is considered a "third party" which is prohibited. The team with the most goals by the end of the game wins.
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